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1846-1899

Global Events
Westinghouse Historical Events
1846
George Westinghouse born in Central Bridge, New York.
1860
Abraham Lincoln elected 16th President.
 
1861
U.S. Civil War breaks out.
1861
George Westinghouse enlists in Union army.
1865
Civil War concludes; U.S. abolishes slavery.
1865
George Westinghouse patents rotary steam engine.
1866
Alfred Nobel invents dynamite.
1867
U.S. purchases Alaska from Russia ($7,200,000).
1866
George Westinghouse inspects train wreck, notes need for safety devices
1868
Cincinnati Redstockings, first professional baseball club, founded.
1868
George Westinghouse visits Pittsburgh, seeks steel for newly-invented device that guides derailed train cars back onto tracks.

1869
J.W. Hyatt invents celluloid.
1871
Chicago devastated by fire.
1869
George Westinghouse patents air brake, revolutionizing railroad safety; founds Westinghouse Air Brake Company.

1873
Jesse James pulls off first train robbery, escapes with $3,000.
1876
Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone.
General George Armstrong Custer falls at Battle of Little Big Horn.
1877
Thomas Edison patents phonograph.
1878
A.A. Pope manufactures first bicycles in America.
1880
Thomas Edison invents practical electric light.
 

1883
J.A. Roebling's Brooklyn Bridge opens to traffic.
First skyscraper (10 stories!) built in Chicago.
1885
Louis Pasteur devises rabies vaccine.
1881
George Westinghouse perfects life-saving railroad block signal; founds Union Switch and Signal Company.

1886
Statue of Liberty dedicated.
1886
George Westinghouse founds Westinghouse Electric Company.

Westinghouse engineer William Stanley invents transformer for long-distance alternating current (AC) transmission; first commercial AC power generating station lights up village of Great Barrington, Massachusetts.

George Westinghouse files first Westinghouse Electric Company patent, for a "System of Electrical Generation."
1888
George Eastman introduces Kodak box camera.
Arthur Conan Doyle sees his first Sherlock Holmes story published.
1888
Nikola Tesla, whose patents contributed to Westinghouse company's early success, builds first AC motor.
George Westinghouse acquires Tesla's patents for polyphase AC system and induction motor.

Westinghouse engineer Oliver Schallenberger invents AC ampere-hour meter.
George Westinghouse begins recruiting students with engineering potential for Graduate Student Training Course.
1889
Westinghouse Electric Company renamed Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company.
1890
First motion picture shows appear in New York.
1890
Westinghouse installs first long-distance power transmission lines—14 miles between Willamette Falls and Portland, Oregon.
1891
W.L. Judson invents clothing zipper.
1891
Westinghouse installs first high-voltage transmission line connecting San Antonio Canyon with Pomona and San Bernardino, California. The 10,000-volt project introduces oil-filled transformers.
1892
Rudolph Diesel patents his internal combustion engine.
 
1893
Railroad Safety Appliance Act makes air brakes compulsory on all U.S. trains.
1893
Westinghouse illuminates Chicago World's Fair with 250,000 electric lights—the most dazzling installation of its time.

Westinghouse demonstrates polyphase AC generation and distribution system.
1894
Westinghouse introduces first practical polyphase induction motors, providing convenient power for industry.
1895
Wilhelm Roentgen discovers X-ray.

Alternating current becomes standard throughout U.S.

Lumière brothers invent motion-picture camera.
1896
Gugliemo Marconi patents wireless communication.
1898
Marie and Pierre Curie discover radium.

Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin builds first airship.

1895
Westinghouse installation at Niagara Falls lights up Buffalo, New York, 22 miles distant.

Westinghouse builds first practical electric locomotive.

 

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